Post-harvest is the last stage of crop production that spans from harvesting until the produce is being utilised by consumers. It includes harvesting, sorting, cleaning, grading, packing, storage, and transportation.
Hot composting is another approach of composting, which produces compost in a much shorter time. It is a process of rapid decomposition, that takes place at high temperatures, performed mostly by bacteria adapted to working at high temperatures to break down organic materials quickly and efficiently.
Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms. It relies on predation, parasitism, herbivory, or other natural mechanisms.